2311 S. Melrose Drive, Vista CA 92081

(760) 599-1100

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(760) 599-1100

Patient Education

Dental Crowns

A dental crown is a tooth-shaped “cap” that is placed over a tooth – covering the tooth to restore its shape and size, strength, and/or to improve its appearance. The crowns are custom made at a lab and are then cemented onto the prepared tooth, once cemented the restoration is complete.



A bridge is made up of two crowns for the teeth on either side of the gap – these two anchoring teeth are called abutment teeth – and a false tooth/teeth in between. These false teeth are called pontics. Dental bridges are supported by natural teeth. Dental bridges can replace one or multiple teeth depending on the dental health condition and situation.


Dental Implants

Dental implants are replacement tooth roots. Implants provide a strong foundation for fixed crowns or removable partials or dentures. The implant is placed, then a crown is placed on top of the implant once the implant has integrated with the bone. Implants are a great way to restore missing tooth/teeth and restore function and aesthetics.


Root Canal Therapy

Root canal therapy refers to the process by which a dentist treats the inner aspects of a tooth, specifically that area inside a tooth that is occupied by its “pulp.” Most people would probably refer to a tooth’s pulp tissue as its “nerve.” Once this nerve tissue becomes infected or dies a root canal must be done to alleviate the pain and remove the infection. Once the pulpal tissue is removed a filler material is placed in to restore the space and to keep bacteria out.



Dental veneers are custom-designed shells of porcelain material that, when applied over the surface of a tooth, can cover worn tooth enamel, uneven tooth alignment or spacing, and chips or cracks. Veneers fall into the category of cosmetic dentistry because they create a bright, white smile with beautifully aligned, and shaped teeth. Veneers are minimally invasive often times only removing 0.5 mm of tooth structure to place the porcelain shell over the tooth.


Dental fillings are placed to restore area where the cavity has eaten away at the tooth structure. There are two main types of filling material: Amalgam fillings most commonly referred to as “metal or silver” and Composite most commonly refereed to as “white or tooth colored.”  There are different pros and cons with each material, however the composite fillings look more natural and typically are more conservative in their preparations. Composite fillings are metal and mercury free fillings whereas the amalgam fillings are not. Ask your dentist which filling is better for you.


Dental bleaching or tooth whitening is a procedure done to remove stains and to whiten/brighten a patients smile. Over time teeth can become stained by certain foods such as coffee, tea, wine or by smoking. Bleaching restores and brightens the teeth and removes all those years of staining.